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Prowler Documentation

Welcome to Prowler Open Source v3 Documentation! 📄

For Prowler v2 Documentation, please go here to the branch and its README.md.

  • You are currently in the Getting Started section where you can find general information and requirements to help you start with the tool.
  • In the Tutorials section you will see how to take advantage of all the features in Prowler.
  • In the Contact Us section you can find how to reach us out in case of technical issues.
  • In the About section you will find more information about the Prowler team and license.

About Prowler

Prowler is an Open Source security tool to perform AWS and Azure security best practices assessments, audits, incident response, continuous monitoring, hardening and forensics readiness.

It contains hundreds of controls covering CIS, PCI-DSS, ISO27001, GDPR, HIPAA, FFIEC, SOC2, AWS FTR, ENS and custom security frameworks.

Twitter URL

About ProwlerPro

ProwlerPro gives you the benefits of Prowler Open Source plus continuous monitoring, faster execution, personalized support, visualization of your data with dashboards, alerts and much more. Visit prowler.pro for more info.

Quick Start

Installation

Prowler is available as a project in PyPI, thus can be installed using pip with Python >= 3.9:

Requirements:

  • Python >= 3.9
  • Python pip >= 3.9
  • AWS and/or Azure credentials

Commands:

pip install prowler
prowler -v

Requirements:

  • Have docker installed: https://docs.docker.com/get-docker/.
  • AWS and/or Azure credentials
  • In the command below, change -v to your local directory path in order to access the reports.

Commands:

docker run -ti --rm -v /your/local/dir/prowler-output:/home/prowler/output \
--name prowler \
--env AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID \
--env AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY \
--env AWS_SESSION_TOKEN toniblyx/prowler:latest

Requirements for Ubuntu 20.04.3 LTS:

  • AWS and/or Azure credentials
  • Install python 3.9 with: sudo apt-get install python3.9
  • Remove python 3.8 to avoid conflicts if you can: sudo apt-get remove python3.8
  • Make sure you have the python3 distutils package installed: sudo apt-get install python3-distutils
  • To make sure you use pip for 3.9 get the get-pip script with: curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -o get-pip.py
  • Execute it with the proper python version: sudo python3.9 get-pip.py
  • Now you should have pip for 3.9 ready: pip3.9 --version

Commands:

pip3.9 install prowler
export PATH=$PATH:/home/$HOME/.local/bin/
prowler -v

Requirements:

  • AWS and/or Azure credentials
  • Latest Amazon Linux 2 should come with Python 3.9 already installed however it may need pip. Install Python pip 3.9 with: sudo dnf install -y python3-pip.
  • Make sure setuptools for python is already installed with: pip3 install setuptools

Commands:

pip3.9 install prowler
export PATH=$PATH:/home/$HOME/.local/bin/
prowler -v

Prowler can be easely executed in AWS CloudShell but it has some prerequsites to be able to to so. AWS CloudShell is a container running with Amazon Linux release 2 (Karoo) that comes with Python 3.7, since Prowler requires Python >= 3.9 we need to first install a newer version of Python. Follow the steps below to successfully execute Prowler v3 in AWS CloudShell:

Requirements:

  • First install all dependences and then Python, in this case we need to compile it because there is not a package available at the time this document is written:

    sudo yum -y install gcc openssl-devel bzip2-devel libffi-devel
    wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.9.16/Python-3.9.16.tgz
    tar zxf Python-3.9.16.tgz
    cd Python-3.9.16/
    ./configure --enable-optimizations
    sudo make altinstall
    python3.9 --version
    cd 
    
    Commands:

  • Once Python 3.9 is available we can install Prowler from pip:

    pip3.9 install prowler
    prowler -v
    

To download the results from AWS CloudShell, select Actions -> Download File and add the full path of each file. For the CSV file it will be something like /home/cloudshell-user/output/prowler-output-123456789012-20221220191331.csv

Requirements:

  • Open Azure CloudShell bash.

Commands:

pip install prowler
prowler -v

Prowler container versions

The available versions of Prowler are the following:

  • latest: in sync with master branch (bear in mind that it is not a stable version)
  • <x.y.z> (release): you can find the releases here, those are stable releases.
  • stable: this tag always point to the latest release.

The container images are available here:

High level architecture

You can run Prowler from your workstation, an EC2 instance, Fargate or any other container, Codebuild, CloudShell, Cloud9 and many more.

Architecture

Basic Usage

To run Prowler, you will need to specify the provider (e.g aws or azure):

If no provider specified, AWS will be used for backward compatibility with most of v2 options.

prowler <provider>
Prowler Execution

Running the prowler command without options will use your environment variable credentials, see Requirements section to review the credentials settings.

If you miss the former output you can use --verbose but Prowler v3 is smoking fast, so you won't see much ;)

By default, Prowler will generate a CSV, JSON and HTML reports, however you can generate a JSON-ASFF (used by AWS Security Hub) report with -M or --output-modes:

prowler <provider> -M csv json json-asff html
The html report will be located in the output directory as the other files and it will look like:

Prowler Execution

You can use -l/--list-checks or --list-services to list all available checks or services within the provider.

prowler <provider> --list-checks
prowler <provider> --list-services

For executing specific checks or services you can use options -c/checks or -s/services:

prowler azure --checks storage_blob_public_access_level_is_disabled
prowler aws --services s3 ec2

Also, checks and services can be excluded with options -e/--excluded-checks or --excluded-services:

prowler aws --excluded-checks s3_bucket_public_access
prowler azure --excluded-services defender iam

More options and executions methods that will save your time in Miscelaneous.

You can always use -h/--help to access to the usage information and all the possible options:

prowler --help

AWS

Use a custom AWS profile with -p/--profile and/or AWS regions which you want to audit with -f/--filter-region:

prowler aws --profile custom-profile -f us-east-1 eu-south-2

By default, prowler will scan all AWS regions.

Azure

With Azure you need to specify which auth method is going to be used:

# To use service principal authentication
prowler azure --sp-env-auth

# To use az cli authentication
prowler azure --az-cli-auth

# To use browser authentication
prowler azure --browser-auth

# To use managed identity auth
prowler azure --managed-identity-auth

More details in Requirements

Prowler by default scans all the subscriptions that is allowed to scan, if you want to scan a single subscription or various concrete subscriptions you can use the following flag (using az cli auth as example):

prowler azure --az-cli-auth --subscription-ids <subscription ID 1> <subscription ID 2> ... <subscription ID N>